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Cat Vaccinations 

 

RABIES

Rabies is a serious viral disease seen in mammals that adversely affects the central nervous system, leading to death.  Rabies is a zoonotic (an infectious disease that is transmitted between species) that is typically transmitted through bites from infected animals.  The majority of reported cases involve wild animals, but domesticated animals like dogs and cats are also at risk.  Humans are equally susceptible to the rabies virus if bitten by an infected animal.  Once the symptoms appear, Rabies is nearly always fatal.  Death usually occurs less than one week after the onset of symptoms.  The Rabies vaccine is required by state law.  Rabies should be given at 14-16 weeks, boostered in 1 year and then every 1 to 3 years. 

 
FeLV

FeLV (Feline Leukemia) is a very serious disease of the feline world.  It is caused by a retrovirus that is spread from cat to cat by saliva, urine and respiratory secretions.  This means cats that share litters pans and feeding bowls, along with cats who fight, are at risk.  Kittens born to mothers that have the virus may also be infected.  Most cats that get exposed to the virus develop antibodies and are able to fight it off.  This is especially true for cats that are free of parasites, are current on their routine vaccinations, and are fed a good diet.  Cats that have minimal exposure to other cats are at significantly less risk of getting this disease.  The disease caused by this virus is a form of cancer of the blood cells lymphocytes (a form of leukemia).
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
FVRCP

FVRCP is an acronym for the standard cat vaccine, also called “the feline distemper vaccine”, given to cats and kittens throughout their lives as part of a preventative health program and considered, along with the Rabies vaccine, as a Core (very important) vaccine.

FV  Feline Vaccine
R    Rhinotracheitis (Feline Herpesvirus 1)
C    Calicivirus
P    Panleukopenia

Rhinotracheitis
A viral infectious respiratory disease caused by feline herpesvirus type 1. This virus is an extremely common cause of respiratory disease and often results in chronic, often life-long, infection with intermittent recurrences causing respiratory and sometimes eye disease. It is spread easily through airborne respiratory secretions and direct contact with a carrier cat or contaminated objects. Unvaccinated cats are most susceptible as well as the very young and the very old.

Calicivirus
A common viral infectious respiratory disease, can also cause mouth sores resulting in severe oral pain. Spread by direct contact with an infected cat or by contact with contaminated objects. The virus is very resistant to disinfectants and persists in the environment. Unvaccinated and inadequately vaccinated cats of all ages are at risk.

Panleukopenia
A severe, highly infectious and sometimes fatal disease of the gastrointestinal tract, the immune system and the nervous system. The disease is named for the characteristic severe decrease in white blood cells, the body’s defense against disease. The virus is very persistent in the environment. This virus spreads by direct contact with infected cats or by contact with viral particles in the environment. Unvaccinated and inadequately vaccinated cats of all ages are at risk.

Cat