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 Dog Vaccinations

RABIES

Rabies is a serious viral disease seen in mammals that adversely affects the central nervous system, leading to death.  Rabies is a zoonotic (an infectious disease that is transmitted between species) that is typically transmitted through bites from infected animals.  The majority of reported cases involve wild animals, but domesticated animals like dogs and cats are also at risk.  Humans are equally susceptible to the rabies virus if bitten by an infected animal.  Once the symptoms appear, Rabies is nearly always fatal.  Death usually occurs less than one week after the onset of symptoms.  The Rabies vaccine is required by state law.  Rabies should be given at 14-16 weeks, boostered in 1 year and then every 1 to 3 years.
 

 
 

 

 

 

DA2PP

DA2PP is an acronym for the standard vaccine, also called “the distemper vaccine”, given to dogs and puppies throughout their lives as part of a preventative health program and considered a Core (very important) vaccine.

D         Distemper 
A2       Canine Adenovirus Type 2
P         Parainfluenza
P         Parvovirus

Distemper
A very contagious and often fatal disease of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract and nervous system. Transmission is by direct contact with bodily secretions and by movement of airborne secretions. Puppies at highest risk but dogs of all ages especially with inadequate vaccination are susceptible.

Canine Adenovirus Type 2
Associated with Canine infectious hepatitis and one cause of infectious tracheobronchitis. Spread through respiratory secretions, urine and feces. Young dogs most susceptible.

Parainfluenza
A common and highly contagious cause of infectious tracheobronchitis. Airborne transmission. Dogs of all ages are susceptible, unvaccinated or inadequately vaccinated dogs at highest risk.

Parvovirus
A highly contagious, very aggressive and sometimes rapidly fatal gastrointestinal virus. Transmission is by direct contact with infected animals, feces and objects containing virus particles. Virus can survive in the environment for a very long time and can spread easily from contaminated surfaces. All unvaccinated or inadequately vaccinated dogs are susceptible, very young, sick or weak dogs at highest risk of death.  
LEPTOSPIROSIS

Leptospirosis is a potentially serious disease that affects dogs, but can also infect humans.  The organism is usually spread through infected urine, but contaminated water or soil can also transmit the infection.  Common carriers of the organism include raccoons, opossums, rodents, skunks and dogs.  The Leptospirosis organism rapidly advances through the bloodstream leading to fever, joint pain and general malaise.  The organism settles in the kidneys and actually reproduces there, inflammation and even kidney failure may develop.  Liver failure is another potential complication.
  BORDETELLA

Bordetella is one of the causes of the canine upper respiratory disease, tracehobronchitis or “kennel cough”.  It is a bacterial infection of the respiratory system of dogs characterized by severe coughing and gagging.  It is a highly contagious airborne disease.  Most cases materialize after contact with other dogs in kennels, grooming facilities or other places where dogs congregate.  Occasionally dogs may develop pneumonia and become ill enough to require hospitalization.
LYME

Lyme disease is one of the most common tick-borne diseases in the world.  It is caused by a spirochete (bacteria).  Dominant clinical features in dogs are recurrent lameness due to inflammation of the joints.  There may also be a lack of appetite and depression.  Most serious complications include damage to the kidneys, and rarely heart and/or nervous system disease.
 

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